Overview of the Druze

Druze Sheikh in Traditional Cloth
Druze Sheikh in Traditional Cloth

The Druze faith dates back as early as the 11th century.  The faith was greatly influenced by a diversity of religious sources including the Quran and Christian and Jewish Scripture, as well as elements of Greek philosophy, Eastern mysticism, and other ancient doctrines. The Druze progressive interpretation – including abolition of slavery, equal treatment of men and women, and separation of church and state – was considered unorthodox, especially so early on.

Like all religious sects, while seeking knowledge of God, one’s self, and the world, the Druze believe that faith without knowledge is stagnation, and knowledge without faith is emptiness.

The Druze are followers of the Tawheed faith that centers on the belief in the oneness of God.

According to most sources, lacking exact census, the Druze number around one to two and a half million worldwide. The largest concentration is in Syria, followed by Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, and Jordan. The rest are scattered throughout the world, in the U.S., Europe, Australia, South America, Canada, and other countries.

The Druze symbol is a five-pointed star, symbolizing the five ministers of the call:

  • Green symbolizes the mind (Arabic al-akl), which is necessary for understanding the truth
  • Red symbolizes the soul (Arabic an-nafs)
  • Yellow represents the word (Arabic al-kalima), the purest form of expression of the truth
  • Blue (Arabic as-sabiq) is for the mental power of the will
  • White (Arabic al-tali) is the realization that the power of the will has been materialized in the world of matter.